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Tata Steel Quietly Takes 92% in the Erstwhile Bhushan Steel Through Convertible Shares


Last year, we wrote about the Bhushan Steel Bankruptcy (read post: The Bhushan Steel Bankruptcy Saga) The resolution gave the company to Tata Steel, which renamed Bhushan Steel to Tata Steel BSL, which continues to be listed. The latest price, Rs. 34 per share.

This is interesting. Because, till now, the shareholding was like this:

  • Tata Steel (through Bamnipal Steel): 79 cr. shares (72%)
  • Banks: 11 cr. shares (10%)
  • Others: 19 cr. shares (18%)
  • Total: 109 cr. shares.

That’s a Market cap of around 3,500 crores so far.

Tata Steel Will Invest Rs. 9000 cr. at Rs. 30.43 per share

Tata Steel will now buy more shares. This is an indirect route: Bhushan Steel will issue Rs. 9,000 cr. worth Optionally Convertible Preference Shares. These can be converted to Bhushan Steel (TATASTLBSL) shares at Rs. 30.43 per share.

The shareholding will eventually take them to 92.6% ownership. From their PR release:

Tata Steel Quietly Takes 92% in the Erstwhile Bhushan Steel Through Convertible Shares

So, if they convert all the shares:

  • Tata Steel will own 92.6% of Tata Steel BSL (old Bhushan Steel) with about 375.2 cr. shares.
  • Banks will be diluted down to 2.7%
  • And others to 4.7%
  • Totally there will be 404 cr. equity shares.

Is this Good? Bad? Ugly?

It’s actually much much better than we earlier thought. Our view was that the first tranche of shares (79 cr. odd) were issued to Tata Steel at Rs. 2 per share. So they would convert the rest at Rs. 2 also and therefore, see a massive dilution.

This is still massive, but not quite as much.

Also importantly, the Convertible shares carry an interest of 8.89% a year. Which means about Rs. 800 cr. of interest will have to be paid on them till the conversion. We’ll come to this.

The Tata Steel management didn’t do that – possibly because of regulation itself. The SEBI rules will not allow such a deal if it wasn’t part of the bankruptcy resolution itself. In the Bhushan Steel resolution, they didn’t mention specifically how much they would convert the optionally convertible shares at, even later. So they might have had to abide by the regulations that SEBI provided, and Rs. 30 was a reasonable deal given the circumstances. (The share traded at Rs. 40 in January, but slid back to Rs. 26 in Feb)

How do you now value a Bhushan Steel (TATASTLBSL)?

If you look at the interest component on what they have to pay – they will have about 26,000 cr. of debt remaining. (Tata Steel put in 35,000 cr. and this 9,000 cr. is now going to be converted to shares). Tata Steel has issued themselves that debt at about 11%, meaning that interest costs will be about 2900 cr. There is about Rs. 1,200 cr. of depreciation per year.

EBIDTA per tonne could be pushed up to Rs. 10,000 per tonne, which for Bhushan Steel at 50 lakh tonnes means an EBIDTA of Rs. 5,000 cr.

Subtract the depreciation and interest, and you have about Rs. 900 cr. in profit. Assuming you pay 30% tax, that’s net profit of Rs. 650 cr.

A P/E multiple of 10 would provide an equity value of Rs. 6,500.

Spread across 404 cr. shares, this is about a price of Rs. 16 per share.

That would mean the current price of Rs. 34 is a little high.

(Note that if there is no conversion, an additional Rs. 800 cr. is paid as interest, which brings net profit to zero. That’s not fun.)

How about EV-EBIDTA?

Steel companies could be valued another way : EV to EBIDTA. EV = Enterprise Value = Equity Plus Debt.

Debt is about 26,000 cr. (after 9,000 cr. is converted to equity)

For an EBIDTA of Rs. 5,000 cr. , let’s also cross check what EV-EBIDTA we are paying for Tata Steel itself. The answer is about 6 times. JSW Steel is 7 times.

Let’s give Bhushan a 6.5x and say that the EV is 5000 x 6.5 = Rs. 33,000 cr.

At that point, debt is 26,000 cr. so the Equity is valued at Rs. 7,000 cr.

Again, for 404 cr. shares this is a price of Rs. 17.5 per share.

To justify a price of Rs. 32 per share, you need an EV-EBIDTA of 7.5+. This is possible in a good market (however, most steel companies are trading below those valuations today)

The Verdict: Much Better Outcome Than Earlier

This is an interesting outcome, because Tata Steel chose to convert at Rs. 30 per share. At some level, this provides a valuation base to the company. Of course, at current relative valuations, the price is still way too high (we estimate that if it were valued as per its peers, the share should be below Rs. 20 per share)

But still, there are questions – all these valuation estimates assume conversion. If Tata Steel does convert they could quickly force a delisting of the company, since they will have more than 90%. And then, shareholders may not be able to exit in any meaningful way.

We expect that the Tata’s will play nice here – and either merge the company with Tata Steel, at a possible conversion price closer to Rs. 30 per share (effectively) after conversion. Eventually, of course, the future will depend on the performance of Tata Steel. That performance hasn’t been all that great, even with a steel upcycle. A return of capex planning in the economy would do it a lot of good, so the real verdict will have to be after the budget later this year.

For Bhushan Steel (Now Tata Steel BSL) shareholders, this conversion must be a sigh of relief, because it provides clarity on exactly what the minority shareholders will own in this business.


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