RBI will allow banks to be created “on tap” in the private sector. Meaning if you qualify, you can go apply for a license – much like a driving license – and get one. The previous model was: you waited till the RBI told you it wanted people to bid for a license. This wait could be for 10 years. Then you applied and you waited, usually for two or three years. Then you were told that your fingernails were dirty and please clean them and reapply. And then you died and no one remembered you for it.
Here’s what RBI said in 2013 about How to start a bank in India?
The new process will be less brutal, apparently. These are draft guidelines, released by the RBI today.
Truckloads of regulatory needs have to be met. Banks can borrow from depositors and lend to borrowers, and make the spread. They can access the RBI repo window, all the inter-bank transaction windows, and borrow overnight for liquidity directly from the RBI. They can offer cheque payments, NEFT, IMPS and other such modes. They can offer corporate accounts, credit cards, forex services and trading.
But a bank has to meet regulatory needs like:
Why not? It’s tax free and most importantly, you will learn from the process that you necessarily need to have Rs. 500 crore lying around. The “on tap” doesn’t mean that it flows like beer – you have to demonstrate you can pay the cover charge first.
Eventually this means that banking will no longer be restricted to the top few names you keep hearing of. But to drive them out of business, the new banks have to eat at their franchise and make it so technologically simple to bank that people migrate. They’ll have to lend at lower rates, borrow at higher rates, and squeeze margins.
Banking is going to get tougher, but what this will do is ensure that “bad banks” can be replaced by newer, smarter banks who don’t have the “NPA baggage” that will otherwise lead to a zombie banking system. Hopefully the next breed of banks are more responsive and keep prices low for a long time.
We have some more interesting posts on RBI: