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Charts & Analysis

The 500 Stock Broad Index Still Has a P/E of 22, While Earnings Growth is -2%


The P/E ratio of the CNX 500 shows that we’re still overstretched on valuation. The broad index has a P/E of 22, and that’s quite high consider it has seen an earnings growth that is -2.24%!

CNX 500 Pe

While markets don’t always tend to correct with the P/E as a benchmark, it is a useful barometer to understand what valuation you are paying, with respect to earnings growth. Many will tell you that oh, last year was bad, this year will be better, so earnings growth will be positive. 

But earlier, in December 2014 or Jan 2015, no one through that the trailing 15% earnings growth we saw would fall down to a negative 9% number in a year. In fact, we paid a 25 P/E then, assuming that the 15% earnings growth would grow to 25% or something. That assumption was wrong, and it’s equally likely that today, any thought process behind a 20% earnings growth next year will also be wrong. In fact, you might see an earnings growth of 15%, but the P/E itself could drop to 15 – which entails a 22% drop in the index next year!

The Nifty: At P/E of 20, but horrible earnings growth

Due to some changes in the Nifty, the EPS growth has risen recently. But it is still at an abysmal -0.67% over a year back. 

Nifty PE

Oh One Year Isn’t Enough, Think Longer Term

Ok, brother. But explain this: 

Longer Term CNX PE

This is abysmal. Our broadest index is the 500 stock index that’s the CNX 500 (whose new name is the Nifty 500, but I avoid that name for its confusion) 

And that index has seen it’s P/E range from 15 to 25 in the last five years, and is currently at 22. 

And that very index has seen EPS growth – as a five year compounded rate – going from 18% to as low as 2% (over five years CAGR). And today, it’s at  just 4% CAGR. In effect, earnings growth is much lesser than inflation.

If there’s one thing that we should be careful about when we say that India stands out as a growth story, please look at the above chart and come back down to earth. 

  • Dilshad says:

    I look forward to your readings Deepak. Thank you and congrats on a great job!

  • Sahil says:

    What is ttm growth of adjusted ebitda of nifty 50 and nifty 500?

  • Anand says:

    Sir every 15 days you find a statistic to poke a hole in the India growth story rhetoric propagated by the AMC’s nationwide. Whilst your analysis is based on factual data the conclusion is undeniable. However, you should restrict the definition of a broader index to CNX 100 or max CNX 200. the reason being the market capitalization is paltry and with such low market cap you can expect operator driven prices and CA driven financial statements and all other possible corporate governance issues.

  • Kaushik Kathral says:

    i was always taught that markets discount the future…. what if the market earnings bottom out in the next two quarters and growth picks up in the low teens over the next 8-12 qtrs….in hindsight then would the market seem expensive? would we still need to come back to earth?
    most of your posts are pessimistic ….pessimistic against the govt at every given opportunity …now u have turned pessimistic in the market….. i really feel sorry for you….i hope u make some money ….maybe it will bring a smile to your face…..