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BDI drops 30% in Aug, Nat Gas at Seven Year Lows, Copper Climbs

Amidst glorious stock market movements and fantastic upturns, it’s evident that any negative news is going to be looked at with scorn. Still, it’s worth mentioning that the Baltic Dry Index has been taking a toss in the recent weeks.

BDI drops 30% in Aug, Nat Gas at Seven Year Lows, Copper Climbs


The BDI has fallen to 2437 as of yesterday, down 30% from the 3500 level it was at the end of July. From a June high of 4250 this is nearly 50% down.

It’s a combination of two things: Vessel supply is going up, with 806 more ships adding to dry-bulk fleets (14% more in dead-weight tons).

Of more concern is China’s dramatic reduction in buying raw materials. China’s been stockpiling a lot of raw material – like iron ore and coal – which has caused port congestion in both China and Australia. This has eased off and Chinese demand is down.

China records it’s GDP as based on production, not consumption – so if they get iron ore and make steel, that’s GDP regardless of whether someone out there is using the steel. Plus, the stockpiling will have helped them convert a good amount of their US Dollar Hoard into something more useful. That it’s stopping can only mean they’ve reached their limits and that demand internally isn’t quite picking up to keep purchasing.

Another product that’s not doing very well is natural gas.

BDI drops 30% in Aug, Nat Gas at Seven Year Lows, Copper Climbs

At a price of $2.92 per MMBTU, we’re fairly close now to Anil Ambani’s asking price from RIL – the RNRL deal was struck at $2.34.

That aside, the chart is telling. Crude holds, but Nat Gas falls? Nat Gas is at or near a seven year low – I repeat, a seven year low. (Nitpick: the low was actually two trading ago) Natural Gas has some huge supply pressure – new drilling techniques have opened shale gas fields in the US. A harsh winter can change things, but the scene is interesting – crude sticking on, gas making long term lows.

Good news: Copper has risen to $2.93, which is a rapid move up from the lows earlier this year. That’s good – Copper has a substantial industrial use and isn’t quite as speculative as crude.

BDI drops 30% in Aug, Nat Gas at Seven Year Lows, Copper Climbs

But some say these times could come to an end. China’s copper stockpiling was a reason for the heady rise; and in August, their imports dropped 15%.

As an aside, going long Nat Gas and short oil or copper looks like an interesting reversion trade.

  • Nilesh says:

    >Deepak, one question.

    Is it possible to buy shares worth 1 lakh Rs with 10000 Rs (some minimum amout) and for 3 years (some period). and what will be cost of such operation. i would like to do it using individual shares or any index.

    I think this can be done using options. like i buy options for buying one sensex at Rs 15769.85 after 3 years by paying say 100 Rs. and after 3 years if sensex is at 20k .. i make profit otherwise i loose 100 Rs.

    can i cash this kind option any time during 3 years. or only on the day 3 years later. or anytime after 3 years (say 3 year 2 month).

    can you please let me know if its possible and how does it works.

  • Deepak Shenoy says:

    >Typical index options are not exercisable anytime (only at end of period, not even after that or before that)

    you get three year options for the Nifty but they are highly illiquid, so getting a trade is tough.

  • Nilesh says:

    >thanks Deepak. i did some evaluation on my own of Nifty options. yes, they are not for me. at-least at present i do not see long term options (for 4700/4800 Nifty) trading much. also with high premium.

    i was just thinking in terms of cost of investment. instead of investing 1lakh, i should be able to invest 10k with same profit or loss same as 1 lakh (this off-course for long term). i would have invested rest of 90k in some debt/income fund/FD. so if cost of options is less than interest on FD, this would have made sense. i think this is called arbitrage.
    any other way i can achieve my objective?